(DOE) PNNL -22010
Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems
The protocol defines a set of test, measurement and evaluation criteria with which to express the performance of and applies to energy storage systems (ESS) that are intended for energy intensive stationary applications and/or power intensive stationary applications. The energy storage system includes the storage device and any power conversion systems installed with the storage device and may include battery management systems. The protocol is agnostic with respect to the storage technology and the size and rating of the energy storage system. The protocol does not apply to single use storage devices and storage devices that are not coupled with power conversion systems, nor does it address safety, security or operations and maintenance of ESSs, nor does it provide any pass/fail criteria.